James Audubon (born Jean Rabin; April 26, 1785 – January
27, 1851) was an American ornithologist,
naturalist, and painter.
He was notable for his
extensive studies documenting all types of American
birds and for his detailed illustrations that depicted
the birds in their natural habitats. His major work, a
color-plate book entitled The Birds of America
(1827–1839), is considered one of the finest
ornithological works ever completed. Audubon identified
25 new species.