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Madeleine Delfosse
Province of Quebec, Canada

Napoleon Crossing the Alps c. 1800-  Study from the work of: Jacques-Louis David

Beautiful condition -
Oil on canvas 40 x 30 inch - 1950's Frame 48 x 38 - wood- paint-gold
Provided by Antique, collectibles & Vintage Interchange
Montréal, Canada

Original Art including Frame*: Suggested Price: $4,000.00 CA.   (*Estimated replacement price of original frame: $240.00 CA)   

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     Madeleine Delfosse  (1909 - 1985) :

Madeleine Delfosse: Born in Montreal, Quebec, (1909 - 1985 )  born April 5, 1909, the daughter of Georges Delfosse, artist, she studied six years at Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Montreal, under J. St. Charles; and with her father.

Biographical Index of Artists in Canada; Dictionary of Canadian Artists, vol. 1, pp. 604a-605a; Early Women Artists.

She is a painter of portraits and landscapes - her por­traits include: Maurice Duplessis, former Premier of Quebec; Hon. William Tremblay, Quebec parliamentarian; Dr. B.G. Bourgeois, Chief Surgeon of Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal; Arthur Gagnon, a founder of the Société St. Jean Baptiste; Henri Pontriand, Canadian lyrics artist; Mrs. Elsa Konder, wife of a Brazilian Consul; Adheiman Raynault, a former mayor of Montreal; Georges Gayou, Secretary of the Académie Française de Paris, France.

In her mural for the St. Pierre Claver Church, Montreal, she used as models the seven vicars of the church to represent the seven apostles, only adding beards to their clean-shaven faces to be more in keeping with the time when Jesus was alive.

The Saint-Pierre-Claver Church in Montreal features a neo-Renaissance Italian decor by Madeleine Delfosse in 1947.
These paintings are the work of a woman, Madeleine Delfosse, daughter of the famous Georges Delfosse who produced paintings for the Church of Saint-Nom-de-Jésus and the Cathedral Basilica Marie-Reine-du-Monde.
Madeleine Delfosse (born in 1909), daughter of the painter Georges Delfosse, executed all the monumental paintings constituting the painted decoration of the Saint-Pierre-Claver church in Montreal (completed in 1917).
By its extent, it is the most important contribution of a woman to the monumental decoration. That said, to others, like Sylvia Daoust (born in 1902), who carved wooden liturgical works, and Gabrielle Messier (1904-2003), close collaborator of Ozias Leduc, he returns to have accomplished decorations more refined, according to L. Lacroix.

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Jacques-Louis David was a French painter in the neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. Died: December 29, 1825, Brussels, Belgium.
Napoléon Bonaparte 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. He was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide. Napoleon's political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.

Napoleon Crossing the Alps (also known as Napoleon at the Saint-Bernard Pass or Bonaparte Crossing the Alps; listed as Le Premier Consul franchissant les Alpes au col du Grand Saint-Bernard) is the title given to the five versions of an oil on canvas equestrian portrait of Napoleon Bonaparte painted by the French artist Jacques-Louis David between 1801 and 1805. Initially commissioned by the King of Spain, the composition shows a strongly idealized view of the real crossing that Napoleon and his army made across the Alps through the Great St. Bernard Pass in May 1800.

History of the five versions

The original painting remained in Madrid until 1812, when it was taken by Joseph Bonaparte after his abdication as King of Spain. He took it with him when he went into exile in the United States, and it hung at his Point Breeze estate near Bordentown, New Jersey. The painting was handed down through his descendants until 1949, when his great grandniece, Eugenie Bonaparte, bequeathed it to the museum of the Château de Malmaison.

The version produced for the Château de Saint-Cloud from 1801 was removed in 1814 by the Prussian soldiers under von Blücher who offered it to Frederick William III King of Prussia. It is now held in the Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin.

The 1802 copy from Les Invalides was taken down and put into storage on the Bourbon Restoration of 1814; but in 1837, under the orders of Louis-Philippe, it was rehung in his newly declared museum at the Palace of Versailles, where it remains to the present day.

The 1803 version was delivered to Milan but confiscated in 1816 by the Austrians. However, the people of Milan refused to give it up and it remained in the city until 1825. It was finally installed at the Belvedere in Vienna in 1834. It remains there today, now part of the collection of the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere.

The version kept by David until his death in 1825 was exhibited at the Bazar Bonne-Nouvelle [fr] in 1846 (where it was remarked upon by Baudelaire). In 1850 it was offered to the future Napoleon III by David's daughter, Pauline Jeanin, and installed at the Tuileries Palace. In 1979, it was given to the museum at the Palace of Versailles.

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